Why Private Cyberspace

1. Reclaim Information Asset

Information is your most important asset – knowing or disclosing just ONE extra piece of information could change your life. Yet currently most of your information is stored remotely in the Cloud and processed by parties that have DIFFERENT interests and aspirations to you.

You interact through their interfaces and you play by their rules, basically you have lost control – your most important asset is NO longer yours.

Private Cyberspace transforms you from an internet User into Owner with just ONE CLICK, enabling you to take the control of your data back, now you can build up your own information assets instead of building up the Cloud's assets.


Note: This web page compares Private Cyberspaces with Cloud Platforms. To see how our breakthrough technologies deliver Private Cyberspaces to everyone - from billionaires to refugees, please visit the web page What is Private Cyberspace .

1.1. What are Clouds ?

The word “Cloud” is just a marketing term that can mean whatever the person trying to sell something wants it to mean, as articulated by Larry Ellison below.

Here we will define Cloud Computing (the "Clouds") as all services and systems that take information from you (crowd-sourced their data) in order to control you or build up their assets at your expenses thus increasing THEIR power and value while reducing YOURS.

1.2. Cloud Examples

Most providers of pure compute power (like virtual machines e.g. Vultr, AWS etc.) are NOT Clouds, as they do NOT dictate what software you can run of their machines and they do not access your data as part of their business model.

On the other hand, loyalty programs and credit cards that analyse or sell your data ARE Clouds. You have no control of what they are doing with your data (e.g. using your data to influence you) and you lose out on potential income from the data they have gathered.

Meta, Google, Twitter etc. are Social Clouds that make money from your data by selling them to buyers to influence your behaviour and using the social network you have built to lock you into their platforms.

Bitcoin, Ethereum etc. are Blockchain Clouds despite their claim to be decentralised, they are NOT. That deception fuelled by ignorance and greed is burning up the world's energy reserves and need to be stopped.

2. Free Service Delusion

If you're not paying for something,
you're not the customer,
you're the product being sold.

Andrew Lewis

Cloud companies do NOT become massively profitable by providing free services. They take something of value from you (your DATA) and create something of even more value (CONTROL of you) for themselves.

2.1. Distorting World Views

Whether you are using the Cloud for your searches or your videos, you are using THEIR algorithms (they decide what to tell you about the world, what data about you to sell to who, when to insert which advertisement into your view etc.), that is, they control your information environment and thus they also control your life.

Having someone who controls a large part of your life acting against your interests is a problem.

But it is not just the "personalised" video recommendations and search ranking that distort your world view, it is also the constant notifications that interrupts your ability to look further or think deeply.

That repeating of same short sharp messages and preventing you from further investigations, can promote believes and behaviours that are NOT in your interest.

For example, preventing the determination of whether something is is "a need" or "a want" and whether some action is "right" or "wrong".

SOLVED: Private Cyberspace uses algorithms that you select and can change at any time. Whether it is search ranking, video recommendations or instant notifications, you are in control.

2.2. Acting with Impunity

Power tends to corrupt and
absolute power corrupts absolutely.

Lord Acton

It is difficult to find organisations that do NOT act against the interest of its users, even innocent weather channels have problems.

The Clouds can PROMISE all they want in their usage terms and conditions, but they can also DO whatever they want anyway, since they have your data on their infrastructure.

For example, even if you are technical enough to tell Google to explicitly NOT to track you, it stills tracks you anyway against your explicit instruction. Basically, information about you is collected by Google continuously in their interests not yours.

The fines for wrong doings are small compared to the profits being made, there is no reason for Clouds reduce their income voluntarily in the interest of their users.

SOLVED: Private Cyberspace aligns with your interests (instead of Cloud's interests), there is no rule, term nor condition for you, you do whatever is best for you with your data.

2.3. Holding Data Ransom

The above are bad behaviours that the Clouds do not tell you, but even if the Clouds DO tell you about bad things they are going to do to you, what can you do ?

For example, Twitter has disabled some of your ability to control your privacy. But you are not going to uninstall the Twitter app because of such a small thing, are you? And all future changes are probably "small" things too!

The problem is you gave them your data to build their information assets BEFORE these new changes, now those data are locked in.

Giving Clouds your data is easy but exporting or deleting your data ?
What about your social network that you have exposed and donated to the Cloud, so it can control your friends too ? You are probably going to miss that ?

SOLVED: All data are stored in your Private Cyberspace, giving you exclusive access to every bit of data you have collected and every piece of message you have received, only you can decide on when, what, how and who to share them with.

2.4. No Home Privacy

The security problems with Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant are well known.

The situation is getting worse everyday as more "smart" devices are deployed inside of homes, these vulnerable devices (from speakers to cameras to teddy bears) are massive security risks - as they are now making connections to the Cloud "internally" from your local network, your home broadband router is no longer effective in blocking these what really in fact are "external" connections.

So beside seeing and influencing your external world view, with the help of these home devices the Cloud can now see into your local network (which were previously off-limits to scanners and web crawlers). Most of these devices will not even work without an internet connection back to the Cloud - so data from your most private space is now shipped all over the world 24x7.

SOLVED: Private Cyberspace keeps activities in your physical home space private, by locking all of them up (from voice commands to room temperatures to security videos) for your exclusive use.

2.5. Artificial Intelligence Safety

Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies like Amazon Alexa telling a kid to short an electrical wall outlet is dangerous enough but what about the USA using AI to pick targets to kill instead of just destroying targets humans picked?

The ironic thing is governments do NOT need to install cameras everywhere, when citizens are exposing themselves freely on Instagram, that database has became useful for in identifying enemy soldiers in Ukraine.

SOLVED: With Private Cyberspace both the data and the AI software remain within the control of the owner. From scanning your friends' faces in photos to the voice command you said yesterday, all data inputs and resulting outputs are exclusively yours.

2.6. Exploiting Public Infrastructures

Concentration of the Internet's data processing and storage in these Clouds means the broadband networks funded by EVERYONE is now being used to benefit just a FEW . . . what's worse . . . those public infrastructures are being use to control the citizens that paid for them.

Taxpayers funded a lot of the Internet infrastructure in a country, yet the traditional point to point model has now been replaced with a hub and spoke model. One of the most valuable resources of a country that was built up over decades has become an extension for the Clouds.

The better the citizens build their broadband, the more data the Cloud collects, the more it controls the citizens' lives. The broadband is used to monitor and influence them (e.g. search results, buying habits, meeting people etc.) based on the Cloud's algorithms and the Cloud's interests.

SOLVED: Private Cyberspace communicates with each other directly, ensuring that infrastructure investments in an area benefits the locally population fully instead of some corporations thousands of kilometres away.

2.7. Limitations of Regulations

The difference in nature between government (establishing boundaries) and technology (breaking boundaries) makes them strange bedfellows.

  1. Restricted Processing
    While initiatives like European Union's General Data Protection Regulation are great, the restriction of the Cloud in handling citizen data can reduce the value of those data by preventing innovative and useful computation to be performed on them.
    SOLVED: Instead of restricting what the Cloud can or cannot do to citizen data, may be the governments should also be encouraging the citizens to do more with their own data themselves?

  2. Wasted Data
    Law that prevent Clouds keeping data, if followed, can prevent
    Instead of removing the data after they have already gone into the Cloud as promoted by the right to be forgotten, what about not giving so much data to the Cloud in the first place ?

  3. Slow Response
    Making laws to regulate technology is. too slow, by the time the government realised that their local industries (e.g. taxi, software etc.) have been negatively affected, market dominance has already been established.

  4. Little Understanding
    From AI to blockchain, technologies can be complex making it difficult for law makers to understand their future impact and implications.

  5. Disadvantage the Small
    Law is a very blunt tool that can stifle innovation, regulations most often make it too expensive for small players to comply yet cost the big players almost nothing to follow (assuming the lobbyists of the big players have not watered down the laws in the favour in the first place).

3. Private Cyberspace


3.1. Bus and Car Analogy

Cloud Platforms are like a BUS companies using the roads (the Internet) paid for by the citizens to run their restricted bus services. Private Cyberspace is about reclaiming the roads for ourselves and drive on them freely to anywhere in our own CARS.

The FREEDOM that comes with owning your information assets is similar to taking ownership of physical assets, like your own CAR and your own HOME - you can go anywhere at anytime without worrying about bus timetables, you can renovate your room however you like etc. You no longer need to dance to the tune of the owners of the Cloud.

Road utilisation improves (as the whole road network can now be used to carry traffic of everybody from any point to any point instead of just bus traffic) and citizen productivity improves (as they no longer need to follow the dictated bus routes nor the bus timetables).

3.2. Changing the Game

88.io operates at a more fundamental level than other information technology start-ups, which rely on CENTRALISED Cloud platforms (e.g. iOS, ethereum etc.) in order to deliver their products or services to their specific niche markets.

88.io is about lowering the COST of private computing significantly in order to create a paradigm shift from centralised cloud computing towards decentralised private computing.

Just like what the microprocessor did 50 years ago (giving birth to Apple, Microsoft etc.), enabling the massive global DECENTRALISATION of computing.


88.io drives decentralisation by empowering you to build your information asset (via private cyberspace) and shape you digital life (via citizen synergy) ... with just ONE CLICK.

3.3. Internet User to Owner

88.io restores INTERNET to its original distributed power structure and then turn PASSIVE users of information services on the internet into ACTIVE owners of information assets by helping them create their own Private Cyberspaces.

With ONE CLICK on their mobile phones, INDIVIDUALS gain control and ownership of their digital life by managing their information assets without going through third parties. Each private cyberspace zone contains the individual's OWN applications (providing services similar to Facebook, Tencent etc.).

3.4. Blockchain Speculation to Production

88.io restores BLOCKCHAIN to its original distributed power structure and then replaces greed and ignorance fuelled FAKE value and utility in current blockchains with productivity and performance driven REAL values and utilities by enabling collaboration through Citizen Synergy.

With ONE COMMAND on a few computers, COMMUNITIES gain control and ownership of their online transactions by interacting directly with each other without going through third parties. Each citizen synergy zone contains the community's OWN infrastructure (providing services similar to Bitcoin, Ethereum etc.).

6. Private Cyberspace Advantages

1.2. New Insight, Income, Impact

Instead of PASSIVELY living in a digital environment determined by the Cloud, ACTIVELY shape your own private cyberspace.

Private Cyberspace adds new dimensions to your digital life that are never possible if your live in the Cloud:

  1. Data that were too private for the cloud can now be analyzed by you.
  2. Automations that were not profitable for the cloud can now be deployed by you.
  3. Control that was given away to the cloud can now be retained by you.
  4. Interruptions from cloud notifications and advertisements can now be stopped.
  5. Views clouded by commercial rankings and recommendations can now be cleared.
  6. Activities in the interest of users instead of cloud can now be performed.
  7. Income from processing and data that were captured by the cloud can now be received.

Live your digital life in your own cyberspace instead of in the cloud. See clearly, beyond cloud rankings and recommendations. Think deeply, without interrupted by cloud notifications and advertisements. Interact privately, without cloud monitoring. Act freely, without cloud algorithms and rules.

Private Cyberspaces are about gaining insights and making impacts.

Optionally collaborate with other cyberspaces through Citizen Synergy to solve previously intractable problems.

2. Citizen Ecosystem

Expanding the power of many (the citizens) is much more productive then restricting the power of the few (the cloud) - that is what Citizen Synergy Computing delivers:

Citizen Synergy Computing enables everyone to create their own PRIVATE CYBERSPACE irrespective of their wealth and skills.

Introductory Web Pages

  1. WHY Private Cyberspace?
    Reclaim your Information Assets to gain new insights, incomes, impacts.

  2. WHAT is Private Cyberspace?
    Information Ownership through application driven infrastructure.

  3. WHAT is Citizen Application?
    Trustworthy Cyberspace with applications protected by homomorphic encryption and fuzzy blockchain.

  4. WHAT is Crowd Infrastructure?
    Affordable Cyberspace by building infrastructure with surplus resources and data income.

  5. CREATE Private Cyberspace instantly?
    Just One Click - yes - it is really THAT easy!